Frequently Asked Questions

What separates PLL from other evidence-based models?

PLL combines group therapy and individual family therapy with an emphasis on interactional family-systems trauma work, utilizes video supervision to ensure high model fidelity, and provides a dedicated implementation specialist for new programs.

Does PLL use predictive analytics to help treat families?

PLL is a predictive model that utilizes a dashboard which provides “real time” results related to both the implementation and the actual therapeutic treatment of families. These results streamline decision making, produce new insights, and ultimately lead to better outcomes.

Is PLL evidence-based?

Yes. PLL is recognized by the following research organizations as an Evidence-based model: SAMHSA’s National Registry of Evidence-based programs and practices (NREPP), the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), the California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse, the Foster Family Treatment Association (FFTA), the National Institute of Justice (, and the Florida Sourcebook for evidence-based models.

What is the "PLL Dashboard" and how is it used?

The PLL Dashboard is PLL’s proprietary data management system that tracks clinician and family data using a predictive analytics model. Outputs are generated from data entered that inform and guide decision making by clinicians, administrators, and stakeholders.

What is Implementation and why is it important to PLL?

The National Implementation Research Network (NIRN) defines Implementation as, “A specified set of activities designed to put into practice an activity or program of known dimensions. According to this definition, implementation processes are purposeful and are described in sufficient detail such that independent observers can detect the presence and strength of the ‘specific set of activities’ related to implementation.”

In other words, effective implementation is critical in order to completely and effectively integrate the model with the provider to ensure a high level of model fidelity and expected outcomes.

By design, PLL goes through a systematic three phase implementation process. The three phases are:

  • Pre-Implementation
  • Initial Implementation
  • On-Going Implementation / Implementation Task Force (ITF)

PLL uses a dedicated Director of Implementation whose sole mission is to help providers integrate PLL into their daily routine.

Click here for more information

What populations does PLL serve?

PLL serves Juvenile Justice, Child Welfare, Behavioral Health, and Community Mental Health populations who are at risk for out-of-home placement or who are returning home from residential placement.

Does PLL work in urban and rural settings?

Yes, PLL achieves equitable completion rates in both urban and rural settings.

Is PLL successful with multiple cultures?

Families across a broad spectrum of cultures complete the treatment program at a rate of 70% or higher. Success rates include families from the following cultures: Dutch, Asian, European, African American, Native American, Hispanic, Alaska Native, and Caucasian. In 2015, successful completion rates for the largest populations served were: African American (74%), Caucasian (86%), Hispanic (92%), and Alaska Native (78%).

What languages is PLL available in?

PLL is available in English, Spanish, and Dutch.

How much does PLL Cost?

Based on average length of stay, approximately $10/day for Alternative to Placement and $8/day for Reentry.

Can Medicaid dollars be used to help pay for PLL?

Yes, typically Medicaid dollars are used to supplement the cost of PLL.

Do you offer RFP and/or proposal assistance?

Yes, PLL offers assistance in every step of the RFP and/or proposal process. For additional information, please call (800) 735-9525 or email John Burek at

What is a "PLL Team"?

A “PLL Team” is comprised of one Master’s level therapist and one Bachelor’s level case-manager. Each PLL Team can serve 30-36 families per year.

What are the PLL certification training requirements?

All PLL clinicians are required to complete an in-person 5-day intensive training course and specialized webinar trainings.

How do I become a Center of Excellence?

To become a certified PLL site, all service delivery staff must attend and successfully complete the 5 day on site training. In addition, PLL sites are required to participate in the “new site” Implementation process. Click here for more information.

How do I get in touch with PLL to discuss my program?

To contact PLL please call (800) 735-9525 or email John Burek at

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